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Mr Salomon owned 20,000 £1 shares, and his wife and five children owned one share each.Some years later the company went into liquidation, and Mr Salomon claimed to be entitled to be paid first as a secured debenture holder.It is quite common in Ireland for one person to have such a variety of roles and still be a different legal entity from the company. Lee formed his crop spraying business into a limited company in which he was director, shareholder and employee. Lee was self-employed and thus not covered by the legislation. Lee and the company he had formed were separate entities, and it was possible for Mr. The following case is similar to Salomon and Lee, but the principle of separate personality worked to the disadvantage of the plaintiff.When he was killed in a flying accident, his widow sought social welfare compensation from the State, arguing that Mr. The defendant company was involved in legal proceedings but did not have enough money for legal representation.In this case, a separate corporate entity was brought into existence outside the taxable territory with the ulterior motive of evading the tax obligation by the assessee mills.The Supreme Court observed: "It is true that from the juristic point of view, the company is a legal personality entirely distinct from its members and the company is capable of enjoying rights and being subjected to duties which are not the same as those enjoyed or borne by its members.

The company carried the business of felling and milling timber. Macaura had earlier insured the timber against loss of by fire in his own name. He subsequently sold the plantation to a company of which he was the only shareholder, through the purchase money remained owing to him.The result was that Mr Salomon was entitled to be repaid the debt as the first secured creditor.In this case, Mr Salomon was the major shareholder, a director, an employee and a creditor of the company he created.This separation of a company from its members was established in the House of Lords in the famous case. Salomon had a boot manufacturing business which he decided to incorporate into a private limited company.He sold his business to the newly formed company, A Salomon & Co Ltd, and took his payment by shares and a debenture or debt of £10,000.

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